Vitrectomy is a type of ocular surgery that is used to treat a wide range of conditions related to the retina, macula, and vitreous. During this procedure, a retina surgeon removes the vitreous gel from the inside of your eye and replaces it with saline, silicone oil, or a gas bubble. This procedure is often performed to make it easier for the retina surgeon to access and repair a damaged retina. It can also be performed to remove blood, scar tissue, or foreign objects that are stuck inside the eye.
When is Vitrectomy Recommended?
Vitrectomy can be recommended for the treatment of many retinal conditions, including:
- Retinal detachment
- Bleeding in the eye caused by diabetic retinopathy
- Macular conditions, such as macular holes and macular puckers
- Eye infections
- Eye inflammation
- Cataract surgery complications
- Eye injuries
Vitrectomy Surgery: What to Expect
Vitrectomy surgery is typically performed on an outpatient basis using local anesthesia and sedation, with the patient returning home after the procedure has been completed. Patients generally report feeling no discomfort or pain during the procedure. Recovery can take up to a week or longer, depending on the specific details of the surgery. Eye redness and irritation are very common. In some cases, patients may be required to maintain specific positions and postures in the days following a vitrectomy procedure.