Education

Learn About The Eye

  • The Retina

    The back portion of the eye is lined by the retina, a thin, almost transparent tissue which receives light and colors and sends them to the brain as images. The retina can be divided into two important areas: the peripheral retina and the macula. read more

  • Eye Care Myths and Facts

    We have answers for the questions we get asked most often. read more

  • Further Resources

    Palmetto Retina always strives to be a leader in research and information. Here are some additional locations for more information. If you have any questions, please contact us to schedule an appointment so we may answer any questions you may have. read more

Common Eye Conditions

  • Branch Retinal Artery Occlusion

    Most people know high blood pressure and other vascular diseases pose risks to overall health, but many may not know that high blood pressure can affect vision by damaging arteries in the eye.

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  • Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion

    Most people know high blood pressure and other vascular diseases pose risks to overall health, but many may not know that high blood pressure can affect vision by damaging veins in the eye.

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  • Central Retinal Artery Occlusion

    You probably know high blood pressure and other vascular diseases pose risks to your overall health, but you may not know that they can affect your eyesight by damaging the arteries in your eye.

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  • Central Retinal Vein Occlusion

    You probably know high blood pressure and other vascular diseases pose risks to overall health, but you may not know that they can affect eyesight by damaging the veins in the eye.

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  • Central Serous Retinopathy

    Central serous retinopathy (CSR) is a small, round, shallow swelling that develops on the retina, the light sensitive nerve layer that lines the back of the eye.

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  • Coats' Desease

    Coats’ disease is a chronic, progressive disorder that affects the retina, the light-sensitive nerve layer at the back of the eye. Coats’ disease is an abnormal growth spurt of the small blood vessels (capillaries) that nourish the retina.

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  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Retinitis

    CMV retinitis is a serious eye infection of the retina, the light-sensing nerve layer that lines the back of the eye. read more

  • Detached and Torn Retina

    A retinal detachment is a very serious problem that almost always causes blindness unless treated. The appearance of flashing lights, floating objects, or a gray curtain moving across the field of vision are all indications of a retinal detachment.

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  • Diabetic Retinopathy

    Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) is a complication of diabetes caused by changes in the blood vessels of the eye. If you have diabetes, your body does not use and store sugar properly.

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  • Floaters and Flashes

    Small specks or clouds moving in your field of vision as you look at a blank wall or a clear blue sky are known as floaters. Most people have some floaters normally but do not notice them until they become numerous or more prominent.

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  • Fluorescein Angiography

    Fluorescein angiography, a clinical test to look at blood circulation inside the back of the eye, aids in the diagnosis of retinal conditions associated with diabetes, age-related macular degeneration, and other eye abnormalities.

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  • Macular Degeneration

    Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the most common causes of poor vision after age 60. AMD is a deterioration or breakdown of the macula.

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  • Macular Edema

    acular edema is swelling of the macula, the small area of the retina responsible for central vision. The edema is caused by fluid leaking from retinal blood vessels.

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  • Macular Hole

    The macula is the part of the retina responsible for acute central vision, the vision one uses for reading, watching television, and recognizing faces. A macular hole is a small round opening in the macula.

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  • Ocular Histoplasmosis Syndrome

    Ocular Histoplasmosis is a major cause of visual impairment in the eastern and central United States where 90 percent of adults have been exposed to histoplasma capsulatum.

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  • Retinitis Pigmentosa

    Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) describes a group of related diseases that tend to run in families and cause a slow but progressive loss of vision.

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  • Retinoschisis

    Retinoschisis is a genetic eye disease that splits the retina, the light-sensitive layer of cells lining the back of the eye. It occurs in two forms, one affecting young children, the other older adults.

    read more

  • Toxoplasmosis

    Toxoplasmosis is a common parasitic infection. When contracted by a pregnant woman, toxoplasmosis can pose serious risks to the unborn baby. Simple precautions can reduce the chance of infection.

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  • Vitrectomy Surgery

    Vitrectomy is a type of eye surgery used to treat disorders of the retina (the light-sensing cells at the back of the eye) and vitreous (the clear gel-like substance inside the eye).

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